Community Disaster and Traumatic Event Related Resources
The following list of materials includes those focused on general mental health and substance use-related needs after an incident of disaster or community trauma related events. There are separate sections listing materials specifically for children, families, and teachers, emergency responders, and for coping with trauma.
The compilation of these resources are credited to the Colorado Psychological Association.
Violence and Trauma-specific InformationCoping With Grief After Community Violence—This Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) tip sheet introduces some of the signs of grief and anger after an incident of community violence, provides useful information about to how to cope with grief, and offers tips for helping children deal with grief. https://store.samhsa.gov/product/Coping-With-Grief-After-Community-Violence/SMA14-4888
The Impact of Disaster and Mass Violence Events on Mental Health— This online article from the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) describes common reactions that disaster survivors may experience. While most reactions lessen over time, some may turn into long-term and severe responses, such as PTSD. https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/treat/type/violence_trauma_effects.asp
Parent Guidelines for Helping Youth After A Shooting—In this 3-page tip sheet, the NCTSN describes how a shooting may affect children and teens as well as parents and other caregivers. The tip sheet lists reactions common among people of all ages, offers coping tips for caregivers, and suggests ways for caregivers to support children and youth in coping with their reactions to a shooting. This resource is available in Spanish as well as English. https://www.nctsn.org/resources/parent-guidelines-helping-youth-after-recent-shooting
Tips for Parents on Media Coverage—In this 2-page tip sheet, the NCTSN explains the effects that media coverage of a violent incident may have on children and teens and suggests ways for parents and other caregivers to help children and teens manage reactions to media coverage and the violent event. The tip sheet also includes tips for families with involvement in a violent incident. https://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/resources/tips_for_parents_media_coverage.pdf
Resources for Disaster RespondersTips for Disaster Responders: Preventing and Managing Stress--This SAMHSA tip sheet helps disaster response workers prevent and manage stress. It includes strategies to help responders prepare for their assignment, use stress-reducing precautions during the assignment, and manage stress in the recovery phase of the assignment. https://store.samhsa.gov/product/Preventing-and-Managing-Stress/SMA14-4873
Emergency Responders: Tips for Taking Care of Yourself—This online article from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) emphasizes the importance of responder self-care and presents steps responders can take before, during, and after deployment to manage stress and avoid burnout and secondary traumatic stress. Suggestions are provided for working with other responders on stress management as well as maintaining habits to support health and optimal functioning as a responder. https://emergency.cdc.gov/coping/responders.asp
Psychological First Aid (PFA) Online—The NCTSN offers this online course to train new disaster responders in PFA, as well as to provide a refresher training for more experienced responders who want to review this evidence-informed, practical approach to disaster response. The 6-hour course features a simulation of disaster response, demonstrations of PFA techniques, and tips from expert responders and disaster survivors. https://learn.nctsn.org/course/index.php?categoryid=11 Additional Resource for Acute NeedsNational Suicide Prevention Lifeline—Funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is a source of support available 24/7 to people in crisis, including challenging reactions to disasters. Call 1–800–273–TALK (1–800–273–8255), or, for support in Spanish, call 1–888–628–9454. https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org
A traumatic event such as this is unexpected and often brings out strong emotions. People can call the SAMHSA Disaster Distress Helpline’s toll-free number (1–800–985–5990)and receive immediate counseling. This free, confidential, and multilingual crisis support service is also available via SMS (send textto 1-800-985-5990) to anyone experiencing psychological distress as a result of this event. People who call and text are connected to trained and caring professionals from crisis counseling centers in the network. Helpline staff provide confidential counseling, referrals, and other needed support services.